What is Nephrology ?

Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the kidneys: the study of normal kidney function and kidney problems, the preservation of kidney health, and the treatment of kidney problems, from diet and medication to renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation).


The diseases that come under the scope of nephrology include:

  • Glomerular disorders that affect the tiny filtering systems of the kidneys called the glomerulus
  • Urine abnormalities such as excess excretion of protein, sugar, blood, casts, crystals etc.
  • Tubulointerstitial diseases affecting the tubules in the kidneys
  • Renal vascular diseases affecting the blood vessel networks within the kidneys
  • Renal failure that can be sudden or acute or long term or chronic
  • Kidney and bladder stones
  • Kidney infections
  • Cancers of the kidneys, bladder, and urethra
  • Effects of diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure on kidneys
  • Acid base imbalances
  • Nephrotic syndrome and nephritis
  • Ill effects of drugs and toxins on the kidneys
  • Dialysis and its long term complications - dialysis includes hemodialysis as well as peritoneal dialysis
  • Autoimmune diseases including autoimmune vasculitis, lupus, etc.
  • Polycystic kidneys diseases where large cysts or fluid filled sacs are formed within the kidney impairing its functions - this is a congenital and inherited or genetic condition
  • Hydronephrosis

Diagnosis and Treatment

The Nephrology department specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney disorders such as : -

  • Renal Failure Treatment
  • Diabetic Kidney Disorder Treatment
  • Glomerulonephritis Treatment
  • Lupus Nephritis Treatment
  • Amyloidosis Treatment
  • Renal Insufficiency Treatment
  • Pyelonephritis Treatment
  • Nephrotic Syndrome Treatment
  • Polycystic Kidney Disorder Treatment
  • Renal Hypertension Treatment
  • Electrolyte Disorders Treatment
  • Bladder Outlet Incision Surgery
  • Cysto-Diathermy Surgery
  • Cystoscopy Surgery
  • Nephrectomy - Kidney removal Surgery
  • Nephrolithotomy-Removal of Kidney stone Surgery
  • Retrograde Pyelogram Surgery
  • Ureterolithotomy - Dormia Basket Surgery
  • Urethroscopy Surgery