What is Gynaecology?

Any disorders that affect the female reproductive system, are treated by a branch of medicine called as gynaecology. A gynaecologist is a doctor who has specialized in diseases associated with the female reproductive system, as well as in women’s health – related issues. These include issues relating to the uterus (womb), fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix (opening of the womb), vagina, and vulva (external genital organs). Gynaecologists are also specialists in treating menstrual problems, contraception, sexuality, menopause, and infertility.

How are gynecological problems treated? What are the different treatment options available?

You may receive different types of treatments depending on your individual condition. Some examples of disorders treated by gynaecologists include:

  1. Cancer and pre-cancerous diseases of the reproductive organs including ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina, and vulva
  2. Urinary incontinence
  3. Menstrual disorders (such as Amenorrhoea - absent menstrual periods; Dysmenorrhoea - painful menstrual periods; Menorrhagia - heavy menstrual periods)
  4. Prolapse of pelvic organs
  5. Infections of the vagina (vaginitis), cervix and uterus (including fungal, bacterial, viral, and protozoal)
  6. Other vaginal diseases

Depending on the exact nature of your disorder, your gynaecologist may use drugs as well as surgery to treat the issue. Hormone regulating drugs may also be used in order to treat facets of your disorder.

Some of the surgeries performed include:

  1. Dilation and curettage (removal of uterine contents, for diagnostic sampling, removal of miscarriage, etc.)
  2. Hysterectomy (removal of the uterus)
  3. (removal of the ovaries)
  4. Tubal ligation (a type of permanent sterilization, where the fallopian tubes are tied together)
  5. Hysteroscopy (inspection of the uterine cavity)
  6. Diagnostic laparoscopy –to diagnose and treat sources of pelvic and abdominal pain
  7. Exploratory laparotomy –to examine the presence of benign or malignant tumors; or to see and repair damage to the pelvic organs
  8. Cervical Excision Procedures – to remove surface cells of the cervix having pre-cancerous cells, identified on a Pap smear

If you are diagnosed with a gynaecologic cancer, treatments may include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation.

Who are your gynecologycare team?

If you have a gynaecological disorder, your care team will have doctors specialized in gynaecology, agynaecologic oncologist,medical oncologist, pathologist, psychologist, trained nurses and support staff.Your care team will then review your symptoms with you and obtain a history of your health.

How to improve urologic health and wellbeing?

These general guidelines will help in maintaining as well as improving your urologic health.

  1. Drinking water- having at least 10 – 12 glasses of water a day
  2. Drink cranberry juice to help prevent urinary tract infections (UTIs).
  3. Cut down on the amount of salt and caffeine you have (from tea, coffee, colas, etc.)
  4. Maintain a healthy weight range
  5. Stop smoking
  6. Strengthen the muscles of the pelvic area with exercises.

What are the risk factors for gynecological disorders?

All women are at risk for gynaecological cancers and the risk often increases with age. Lowering risk for some of these cancers is possible, and when found early, are treatable. The most common cancers are breast cancer and cervical cancer. The other cancers include: ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar. Each individual will differ in terms of signs, symptoms as well as risk factors.

Advancing age is the most common and major risk factor. Familial inheritance is also a major contributor to the cause (if someone in your family has/ had one of these cancers). Many such families carry a genetic mutation in a gene, leading to an increased risk of developing the cancer.

There is no simple and reliable way to screen for any cancers, early, except that of cervical cancer. Therefore, it is necessary to observe and recognize any signs or symptoms, as well as go for routine screening procedures.

How does your doctor diagnose it?

First, your doctor will collect your family and your individual medical history, followed by a complete physical exam. Further, your doctor might recommend screening tests. These are done to look for disorders in people who have no symptoms. These include the Pap smear, Mammography, and others.

Do you need a second opinion?

Since treatments are continuously improving, we think that it is important for you to be advised by the best doctor in the field, who has experience with your type of gynaecologicaldisorder. A second opinion is where you meet with more than one doctor to confirm your diagnosis and also, to understand your treatment options.

Second opinions are quite common and most people follow this practise, as it may help to feel more comfortable about your health and the future decisions you make.

Asking for a second opinion is common practice. It may help you feel more comfortable with the health care decisions you make. There are various ways in which a second opinion can give you information. It can:

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What are the risk factors for urological disorders?

There are several risk factors that come into play for any particular urological disorder. For example:

In chronic kidney disease, the risk factors include diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, smoking, being overweight, as well as high cholesterol.

For urinary incompetence, some risk factors include gender (women are most common, as well as men with prostate gland issues), old age, being overweight, as well as the presence of other diseases such as diabetes.

Some risk factors for developing kidney stones include gender (males are more prone to getting kidney stones), family history of kidney stones,very low fluid/ water intake, andrepetitive urinary tract infections.People who are paralyzed or who have long periods of bed rest are also at greater risk for kidney stones.

  1. Confirm your diagnosis
  2. more details about the type of gynecological disorder
  3. Give an accurate location for yourgynecological disorder
  4. Tell you whether other parts of your body are being affected
  5. Put you in touch with experts in associated fields of gynecologywho can inform you of other details
  6. Also give you other treatment options, in case the doctor disagrees with your prior diagnosis and treatment

How can Medisense Health/ we help you? / How do we get the best gynecologyhospital/ best gynecologist for you?

We at Medisense Health, can help you by finding the top doctors specializing in gynaecology. We have a group of 50 (?) hospitals on-board with us. Out of these hospitals, we have 10 (?) specialized urology centres. All you have to do is follow the links provided, or call our health care support and we will be able to schedule you for a second opinion with the best doctors in the field.

We do require that you give us complete details regarding your ailment. This includes all your medical records—including test results, such as blood work or imaging tests. Using these as our guide, we then narrow down the field of doctors so that, we are able to provide you with the best health care opinion.

Also see, How to Find a Doctor for your Second Opinion with Medisense Health.

What are the signs and symptoms of gynecological disorders?

There are some very common symptoms that may occur, including pelvic pain, vaginal itching, vaginal discharge, abnormal vaginal bleeding, breast pain, and lumps in the breast. The cause, as well as significance of these symptoms can often be the result of hormonal fluctuations, caused by aging.